Vermillion County

The name, “Vermillion,” has a history that dates to the time of the Miami Indians. They named the red earth along the banks of today’s Little and Big Vermillion River, “pe-auk-e-shaw.” It is thought that the Indians located this earth while burning brush and weeds. This fire burned the shale which surfaced a coal and produced the red color. Translated in French, “pe-auk-e-shaw,” means Vermillion, a color of red not as bright as scarlet. In 1824, Vermillion County became Indiana’s 51st county. This county is bounded on the east by the Wabash River and on the west by the Illinois State line. Known as the long, skinny county, Vermillion County is seven miles wide by 37 miles long.

Vermillion County Historical Society
220 E Market Street
Box 273
Newport, IN 47966
President: Diann C. McIntosh

The Ernie Pyle State Historic Site features state-of-the-art exhibits based on World War II Correspondent Ernie Pyle’s newspaper columns. The exhibits include video and audio stations and WW II uniforms, weapons and gear. The site also interprets the 1851 house from the farm where Ernie was born. Turkey Run State Park and Raccoon State Recreation Area and the covered bridges of Parke County are nearby this state historic house. The Ernie Pyle State Historic Site is located in Dana. You can call 765-665-3633 for more information.


Skinner Farm Museum

There are ten buildings of historic interest, including log cabins, a blacksmith cabin, print shop, and the Wittenmyer House, a two-story brick building built in 1844 and moved in 1979. A huge 1830 warehouse which once housed canal and river goods is now part of the museum and contains numerous artifacts. The Thomas Cunningham cabin was built in 1826 and originally overlooked the Wabash River. The cabin is filled with pioneer era items. There are over 50 tractors, steam vehicles and other artifiacts and farm equipment that can be viewed at the Skinner Farm Museum and Village. The museum is located 3 miles west of SR 63 on SR 32. The Annual Skinner Farm Museum and Village Steam & Gas Powered Show is the third weekend of August . Call 765-793-4079 for more information.